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Ramiro I King of Aragon defeated his half-brother Gonzalo in 1045 and annexed his territories to Aragon, representing the first notable increase in the kingdoms territorial area.
King Ramiro constructed a series of fortifications/fortress towns along the southern frontier of his kingdom to protect from Muslim incursions (described in more detail in Chapter 5. Ramiro's son and successor, Sancho I King of Aragon exacted tribute from the Muslim leaders of Huesca, Tudela and Zaragoza, and conquered territory in the valley of the river Cinca, around Alquezar (1085), Estada (1087) and Monzn (1089) to the south of Sobrarbe in the eastern part of his kingdom.
It lay east of the kingdom of Pamplona/Navarre, west of the county of Sobrarbe, and north of the so-called Frontera Superior of the Muslim controlled area of the Iberian peninsular.
As suggested below in Chapter 1, there are indications in primary source documentation that the first known count Aznar Galndez may have been installed as ruler in the territory by the Carolingian Franks.
In about , the Aragonese heiress Andregoto married Garca III King of Navarre.
The couples descendants ruled both as kings of Navarre and counts of Aragon until the death of Sancho III "el Mayor" King of Navarre in 1035.
A second manuscript of the Codex is dated to the early 12th century and contains additional information, although it is not known whether this originated from another earlier manuscript which no longer survives.
The family origin is not known, but it is supposed that the early counts were local chiefs who managed to impose their authority over their rivals.
However, the name Garca is not common among the known descendants of Aznar Galndez which suggests that his father may have been another Galindo.Count Ramn Berenguer became effective ruler of Aragon from 1137, initiating a period of nearly four centuries during which the kingdom of Aragon and the Catalonian counties to the west were united in a loose federal state which became a major political force throughout the Mediterranean basin and whose history is well known. Ubieto Arteta dates this charter to [808/21], his most telling argument being that the document lists donations (23 in total) none of which are recorded in later charters which are included in the cartulary of Siresa.Garsias Semenonis rex Pampilonensium..comite Galindone de Aragon donated monasteriolum Sancti Martini de Ciella cum villa sua de Ciella to San Juan de la Pea by charter dated Aug 828, the dating clause of which records Oriol in Boltana, senior Mancius de Eril in Petra fita....The same source continues by stating that when they had completed their assignment and were on their march back, they were lured into an ambush by the treachery of the mountain people, surrounded and taken prisoner, that Aeblus was sent to Cordova, but Asinarius, being a relative of his captors, was mercifully permitted to return home.The name Asinarius suggests that the Carolingian envoy may have been the same person as Aznar Galndez, who, if this suggestion is correct, had settled at the Carolingian imperial court and could later have been installed as ruler in the county of Aragon under Carolingian Frankish sponsorship.